Djibouti is the capital city of the Republic of Djibouti. It is spread over an area of 26 square kilometres. Including the suburban areas, it is spread over 44 square kilometres. It is the most densely populated city in the country, with a population of about 550,000 people. The majority of the population is Moslem, of Somalian and Afar, origins. The official languages are Arabic and French, but a majority of the people speak, Somali and Afar, as their mother tongue. The city was founded in 1888 by French colonists, using land leased from the Somalian and Afar Sultans. The Republic of Djibouti got independence from the French colonists, in 1977. 27th June is celebrated every year as Independence Day. It is the commercial capital of the country.
Djibouti is located on the coast of the Gulf of Tadjoura. Because of its location, Djibouti is home to a large number of beaches. It is popularly called the pearl of the Gulf of Tadjoura. The landscape around the city is desert or semi-desert. It has a hot and dry climate throughout the year. The average temperature during the summer is 37°C and is around 25°C during the winter. The summer lasts from May to October, and the winter spreads from November to April.
The city is known for its bazaars and souks, which sell local fabrics, and leather products. The city also offers a wide range of meat and fish. It also has several hotels and restaurants which provide Somalian, Afar, Yemeni and French cuisine. Indian cuisine is also popular. Popular sports include football and basketball. The city is well connected by road, railway, airport and seaport. It has one of the busiest ports in the region because of its strategic location between the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden. Djibouti is home to the University of Djibouti, which was founded in the year 1977. It is the largest University in the country. The city boasts of several prominent mosques, which were built, about a century ago. It is also home to the administrative and judicial machinery of the country. The architecture is mostly French and contemporary Arabic, depicting the past rulers, of the city.
Djibouti is home to the Ambouli International Airport. It is situated a few kilometres from the city centre. The city also hosts the Presidential Palace, the Vice Presidents Residence, Courts, Judicial Bodies, and other Governmental Organisations. The city is home to the most important educational centres in the country. Djibouti offers a great escape from the busy life of metropolitan living, into a slow and serene life, along the East African coastline.
Lake Assal is a saltwater lake located in the Republic of Djibouti. It is the third most saline lake in the world, after the Gaet’ale Pond and Don Juan Pond. At 155 metres below sea level, it is the third lowest point in the world after the Dead Sea and the Sea of Galilee. The salinity of the Assal lake is 300 grams per litre or 30%. It is 19 kilometres in length (12 miles), and 6.5 kilometres in width (4 miles), covering an area of 900 square kilometres (350 square miles). It is 40 metres deep at its deepest point, with an average depth of 7.4 metres. It receives water inflows primarily from two sources, the rain in the catchment areas, and underground springs from the Gulf of Ghobbet. The high level of salinity is because of severe evaporation of water from its body and no other sources of outflow. The lake, located about 120 kilometres (75 miles), west of the capital city Djibouti, is a must visit spot, in your tour of the Republic.