Gingivitis is a disease of the gums which causes gum inflammation. It often occurs due to the accumulation of plaque in the mouth. The build-up of plaque can be a result of poor oral hygiene habits such as not brushing the teeth regularly, not flossing the teeth, poor eating habits, smoking, etc. If untreated, gingivitis can lead to periodontitis, ultimately leading to loss of tooth. Gingivitis can affect people of all age groups, but the probability of the illness occurring increases with age.
Gingivitis manifests itself in the form of:
• Swollen gums.
• Pain in the gums.
• Sensation to touch, heat or cold.
• Gums turning dark red or purple.
• Occasional bleeding of the gums while brushing, flossing, etc.
• Visible plaque accumulation on tooth enamel and in between teeth.
Gingivitis is to be diagnosed by a dentist, and the cause has to be ascertained. Once diagnosed the treatment may include:
• Removing the plaque in the clinic. This may require multiple visits.
• Regular use of mouthwash containing prescribed solutions.
• Use of toothpaste containing prescribed compounds.
• Regular brushing and flossing of teeth.
• Improving eating habits such as avoiding meals after dinner, refraining from eating sticky food, untimely eating.
• Abstaining from smoking and chewing tobacco.